Two new cytotoxic 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives have been synthesized and characterized. Their biological activities as cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activities and inhibitory activities against DNA-polymerase were evaluated. The interactions of compounds with double-stranded- and quadruple-DNA have been studied by UV-Vis, fluorescent intercalator displacement, competition dialysis, circular dichroism and the findings were compared with the parent naphthalimide and the other compounds. The results show that both compounds (1 and 2) and the parent compound NI have strong cytotoxic activities against Beas-2B, MCF-7, HepG2 and MDA-MB-231 cancer cell lines, antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212 and inhibitory activities towards Taq-polymerase and transcriptase. These novel cationic compounds 1 and 2 can stabilize G-quadruplexes DNA according to thermal denaturation experiments, they change the 3D structure of the DNA (see details in CD experiments) and they exhibit different binding affinities for q-DNA and ds-DNA revealed by spectrophotometric titrations and competitive dialysis studies.