Self-referential processing in false recognition and source monitoring: Self-other differences

Ozdes A., Bagci E., BÜRHAN ÇAVUŞOĞLU P. , Ulusoy-Kok N.

JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/20445911.2021.1977816
  • Keywords: self-reference, close other-reference, false recognition, source monitoring, SOURCE MEMORY, SOURCE ATTRIBUTIONS, NEGATIVE AFFECT, RECOLLECTION, YOUNG, ELABORATION, FAMILIARITY, CONFUSIONS, RECALL, SCALE


The present experiment examined the effect of self, close other, and unknown other-references on false recognition and source monitoring in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. In the present study, participants were shown items with their own name, the name of a closely known other, an unknown other, or alone. Then, they were asked to recognise the items and the reference conditions. The results showed that the items paired with oneself and a closely known other lead to higher true recognition scores compared to other two conditions. Moreover, the source of the items in the self and the close other-reference conditions were more likely to be attributed to the correct sources than the latter two. However, the self and the close other-referenced items increased false recognition and source misattribution scores. The findings indicate that referencing the self and close others may lead to memory illusions via distorting source monitoring abilities.