Self-referential processing in false recognition and source monitoring: Self-other differences


Ozdes A., Bagci E., BÜRHAN ÇAVUŞOĞLU P. , Ulusoy-Kok N.

JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/20445911.2021.1977816
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
  • Keywords: self-reference, close other-reference, false recognition, source monitoring, SOURCE MEMORY, SOURCE ATTRIBUTIONS, NEGATIVE AFFECT, RECOLLECTION, YOUNG, ELABORATION, FAMILIARITY, CONFUSIONS, RECALL, SCALE

Abstract

The present experiment examined the effect of self, close other, and unknown other-references on false recognition and source monitoring in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. In the present study, participants were shown items with their own name, the name of a closely known other, an unknown other, or alone. Then, they were asked to recognise the items and the reference conditions. The results showed that the items paired with oneself and a closely known other lead to higher true recognition scores compared to other two conditions. Moreover, the source of the items in the self and the close other-reference conditions were more likely to be attributed to the correct sources than the latter two. However, the self and the close other-referenced items increased false recognition and source misattribution scores. The findings indicate that referencing the self and close others may lead to memory illusions via distorting source monitoring abilities.