The role of technological pedagogical content knowledge and social cognitive variables in teachers’ technology integration behaviors

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Dikmen C. H., DEMİRER V.

Participatory Educational Research, vol.9, no.2, pp.398-415, 2022 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.17275/per.
  • Journal Name: Participatory Educational Research
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.398-415
  • Keywords: Social cognitive variables, Teachers’ technology integration behaviors, Technological pedagogical content knowledge
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, Ozgen Korkmaz. All rights reserved.The Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) framework provides a theoretical perspective of showing whether a teacher can effectively design and conduct technology-enhanced instruction. In addition, social cognitive variables like self-efficacy, outcome expectations, interest and intentions play a vital role in whether teachers choose to integrate technology into their instructional practices. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationships between TPACK dimensions and these social cognitive variables to understand teachers’ behaviors in technology integration. For this purpose, a hypothetical model was designed and tested through structural equation modeling to investigate the relationships among these variables. The research sample consisted of 850 teachers from Turkey. The study findings demonstrate that especially teachers' technological knowledge (TK), technological content knowledge (TCK), technological pedagogical knowledge (TPK), and TPACK-core (different interactions of CK and PK with TK) together with their self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and interest have impacts on their intentions to use educational technologies. In this context, teachers with a high level of technological pedagogical content knowledge are more interested in educational technologies, their expectations regarding the outcomes of using instructional technologies increase and they develop behavioral intentions of using educational technologies; as a result, they see/evaluate themselves as more qualified in technology integration. Consequently, the study results are expected to contribute to a better understanding of teachers' behaviors and beliefs toward technology integration in education.