Outcomes of suicide attempters in the emergency unit of a university hospital


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ATAY İ. M. , Yaman G. B. , DEMİRDAŞ A. , Akpinar A.

ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, cilt.15, ss.124-131, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 15 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5455/apd.43672
  • Dergi Adı: ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.124-131

Özet

Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate the suicide attempters with the results of their clinical observations, to compare the suicide methods and first time/multiple attempts that resulted in admission to a university hospital emergency department in Turkey. Methods: The records of 640 patients admitted to a university hospital emergency department after a suicide attempt was reviewed retrospectively in a five year period. Following variables were included in the study: the demographic parameters, the date of admission, the number of attempts, features of the suicide attempts (methods, impulsive or planned attempts, stress factors before the attempts, the results of the clinical observations and the diagnosed mental disorders before the attempts). Non-violent and violent attempters according to the method and first time/multiple suicide were compared seperately. Chi-square test was used for comparing nominal variables. Differences were considered as statistically significant for p values under 0.05. Results: The majority of the suicide attempters were women (66.3%) and mostly between the age groups of 15-24 and 25-34. The most common method was self-poisining with drugs (84.5%). Most common suicide behaviour was impulsive (82.5%) and was likely to be the first-time attempters. First-time attempters were mostly (71.9%) discharged from the emergency department after a follow-up. According to the suicide method, non-violent suicide methods were more common in 15-24 age group and singles. Violent methods were frequently preferred in summer. Of all suicide attempters 6.4% were recorded as treatment refuse to the follow-up in the emergency unit. Treatment refusals were more common in multiple attempters who mostly have a mental disorder Conclusion: Our findings about the sociodemographic features of suicide attempters were consistent with the literature except the marital status. However treatment refuses in the common hospital emergency services seem to be serious problems that further preventive strategies should be reassessed in emergency units.