Degredation as a Function of Art in Bakhtin, Kant and Danto


Erenozlu S. S.

BEYTULHIKME-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY, vol.7, no.2, pp.219-232, 2017 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Title of Journal : BEYTULHIKME-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY
  • Page Numbers: pp.219-232
  • Keywords: Degradation, carnivalesque, grotesque, Mihail Bakhtin, Immanuel Kant, sublime, Arthur Danto

Abstract

In his work "Rabelais and His World", Bakhtin argues that the tradition of "degradation", presented in carnivalesque and grotesque aspects, has an important place in the medieval folk culture. Introducing the concept of "degradation" in philosophy from political, social and cultural data, Bakhtin himself does not approach this concept from the perspective of aesthetics or philosophy of art. The aim of this study is to investigate the principles of the concept of "degradation" put forth by Bakhtin in his work "Rabelais and His World" and to establish a bond with art. However, based on the meaning attributed to this concept by Bakhtin as one of the functions of art, one of the aims of this study is to establish relations between degradation and Immanuel Kant and Arthur Danto's senses of aesthetics and art.