Electrochromic characteristics of radio frequency plasma sputtered WO3 thin films onto flexible polyethylene terephthalate substrates


EREN E. , KARACA G. Y. , KOC U., ÖKSÜZ L. , OKSUZ A. U.

THIN SOLID FILMS, cilt.634, ss.40-50, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 634
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.tsf.2017.05.009
  • Dergi Adı: THIN SOLID FILMS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.40-50

Özet

Tungsten oxide (WO3) thin films were deposited onto flexible substrates using radio frequency magnetron sputtering for high electrochromic performance purposes. The effects of both non-aqueous electrolytes (lithium perchlorate (LiCIO4), lithium trifluoromethanesulfonate (LiTRIF)) and the electrochromic thickness layers on the electrochromic properties of flexible tungsten oxide films were investigated. The deposited film characteristics were measured using cyclic voltammetry, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The electrochromic device characteristics such as electrochromic contrast, coloration efficiency, and switching time were determined as a function of the WO3 film thicknesses. Fast switching times (bleaching time (t(b)): 5.88 s; coloration time (t(c)):1.6 s) were obtained for the electrochromic device with a 465-nm WO3 film. Reversibility and switching time properties of WO3 film (465 nm) were compared to LiCIO4 and LiTRIF liquid electrolyte media. Higher reversibility of 82% and better current density of 3 mA/cm(2) were obtained for a WO3 film-containing device in LiTRIF electrolyte solution. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.