Upper-to mid-crustal seismic attenuation structure above the mantle wedge in East Anatolia, Turkey: Imaging crustal scale segmentation and differentiation

Toker M., ŞAHİN Ş.

PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS, vol.329, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 329
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pepi.2022.106908
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, INSPEC, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Lake Van, Paired seismic attenuation, 3-D velocity, Coda-normalization, Multi-resolution, Segmentation-differentiation, Upper-tomid-crust, LONG VALLEY CALDERA, 23 OCTOBER 2011, LG CODA Q, LITHOSPHERIC STRUCTURE, VELOCITY STRUCTURE, CONTINENTAL-CRUST, WAVE-PROPAGATION, COLLISION ZONE, S-WAVE, EARTHQUAKE M-W=7.1
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


Multi-frequency P-and S -wave attenuation tomography models of Lake Van area (East Anatolia) have been obtained by estimating coda-normalized wave spectra of 3027 local earthquakes (2.0 < Mw < 7.1). The 6998 waveforms sampled from surface to a depth of 25 km, and were recorded from 2004 to 2020 at seven broadband, three-component digital seismic stations operated by Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI). We adopted a two-point ray-bending method to trace rays in a 3-D velocity model. We applied the coda normalization (CN) method to P- and S-wave data sets. We inverted the spectral data with a multiple resolution seismic attenuation (MuRAT) approach to obtain final tomographic models. On average, high (low) attenuation corresponds to low (high) velocity anomalies. The P-and S -wave attenuation contrasts delimit four well-known geological zones. High frequency-short wavelength attenuation contrasts constrain the 5-km-deep zone of interaction between magma and sediments within the Lake Van basin. Low frequency-long wavelength attenuation anomalies mark the central section of Lake Van between depths of 10 km and 20 km. This zone coincides with a rigid stable shear zone overlying a possible weak-ductile lower crust, interpreted as a detachment. Both low (5-15 km depth) and high attenuation (> 20 km) anomalies mark the area of maximum seismic energy release during the Van event. Their contrast highlights the maximum seismogenetic depth above weak-warm, unstable materials. High attenuation in the SE-part of the Lake Van area coincides with a large hydrothermal and/or magmatic folding-overthrusting, interpreted as a suture-metamorphic complex between depths of 10-15 km. Other minor high-attenuation zones deeper than 5 km focus on complex shear zones in the area damaged by the Van event. The paired attenuation structure of the Lake Van area appears linked to multiple tectonic processes of crust-magma interaction better constrains subsurface segmentation structures and differential deformation types at upper-middle crustal depths.