Selenium and l-Carnitine Reduce Oxidative Stress in the Heart of Rat Induced by 2.45-GHz Radiation from Wireless Devices


Turker Y. , NAZIROĞLU M. , GÜMRAL N. , ÇELİK Ö. , SAYGIN M. , Comlekci S. , ...More

BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH, vol.143, no.3, pp.1640-1650, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 143 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12011-011-8994-0
  • Title of Journal : BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.1640-1650

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective role of selenium and l-carnitine on oxidative stress induced by 2.45-GHz radiation in heart of rat. For this purpose, 30 male Wistar Albino rats were equally divided into five groups namely controls, sham controls, radiation-exposed rats, radiation-exposed rats treated with intraperitoneal injections of sodium selenite at a dose of 1.5 mg/kg/day, and radiation-exposed rats treated with intraperitoneal injections of l-carnitine at a dose of 1.5 mg/kg/day. Except for the controls and sham controls, the animals were exposed to 2.45-GHz radiation during 60 min/day for 28 days. The lipid peroxidation (LP) levels were higher in the radiation-exposed groups than in the control and sham control groups. The lipid peroxidation level in the irradiated animals treated with selenium and l-carnitine was lower than in those that were only exposed to 2.45-GHz radiation. The concentrations of vitamins A, C, and E were lower in the irradiated-only group relative to control and sham control groups, but their concentrations were increased in the groups treated with selenium- and l-carnitine. The activity of glutathione peroxidase was higher in the selenium-treated group than in the animals that were irradiated but received no treatment. The erythrocyte-reduced glutathione and beta-carotene concentrations did not change in any of the groups. In conclusion, 2.45-GHz electromagnetic radiation caused oxidative stress in the heart of rats. There is an apparent protective effect of selenium and l-carnitine by inhibition of free radical formation and support of the antioxidant redox system.