Expression analysis of MYB genes in different apple cultivars with distinct coloration pattern during fruit maturation


Mercan E. E. , ŞAHİN ÇEVİK M.

ISRAEL JOURNAL OF PLANT SCIENCES, vol.68, no.4, pp.319-327, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1163/22238980-bja10043
  • Title of Journal : ISRAEL JOURNAL OF PLANT SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.319-327
  • Keywords: Anthocyanins, apple, gene expression, MYB transcription factors, REGULATES ANTHOCYANIN BIOSYNTHESIS, TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR, RED COLORATION, R2R3-MYB, PROTEIN, BHLH

Abstract

Anthocyanins are water-soluble pigments responsible for red, pink, purple or blue coloration in the flesh and/or skin of apple fruit. Since consumers prefer anthocyanin rich fruits due to their health benefits, anthocyanin content is an important trait for marketability of apples. Synthesis and accumulation of anthocyanins are controlled by environmental and genetic factors such as transcription factors (TFs). Two-repeat (R2R3) MYB TFs are involved in the regulation of anthocy-anin biosynthesis in plants. In this study, the expression of the MdMYBA and MdMYB3 genes en-coding R2R3 type MYB TFs were analyzed in apple cultivars with fruit skin color from green to dark red at different growth stages. Fruit samples were collected from "Scarlet Spur ", "Galaxy Gala", Golden Delicious" "Granny Smith" apple cultivars with dark red, light red, yellow and green fruits, respectively, at four different time periods after full-bloom. Total RNA was isolated from the peel of the collected fruits and the expression of the MdMYBA and MdMYB3 genes was analyzed by real -time RT-PCR. The expression of the MdMYBA gene started to increase at 92 DAFB and thereafter in red-skin apples; however, no expression was observed at any time points in yellow or green-skin apple cultivars. On the other hand, the MdMYB3 gene was expressed in red-skin and yellow-skin apple cultivars starting at 55 DAFB, but no expression was observed in green apple cultivar at any time of fruit maturation. The expression levels of the MdMYBA and MdMYB3 genes varied in apple fruits with different skin coloration indicating that they play a role regulation of the anthocyanin biosynthesis in apple cultivars during fruit maturation.