Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) integrated pest management programs for fruiting vegetables in Florida


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Demirozer O. , Tyler-Julian K., FUNDERBURK J., LEPPLA N., REITZ S.

PEST MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, vol.68, no.12, pp.1537-1545, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/ps.3389
  • Title of Journal : PEST MANAGEMENT SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1537-1545

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The spread of the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), resulted in the worldwide destabilization of established integrated pest management programs for many crops. Efforts to control the pest and the thrips-vectored tospoviruses with calendar applications of broad-spectrum insecticides have been unsuccessful. The result has been a classic 3-R situation: resistance to numerous insecticides; resurgence of the western flower thrips populations as a result of natural predators and native competitor thrips being eliminated; replacement by various other pests. This paper reports on integrated pest management programs for fruiting vegetables that are effective, economical, ecologically sound and sustainable. RESULTS: The components include the following: define pest status (economic thresholds); increase biotic resistance (natural enemies and competition); integrate preventive and therapeutic tactics (scouting, ultraviolet-reflective technologies, biological control, compatible insecticides, companion plants and fertility); vertically integrate the programs with other pests; continually communicate latest science-based management tactics with end-users. CONCLUSION: These programs have been widely implemented in Florida and have significantly improved the management of western flower thrips and thrips-transmitted viruses. Copyright (C) 2012 Society of Chemical Industry