Glutathione depletion induces oxidative injury and apoptosis via TRPM2 channel activation in renal collecting duct cells


ARMAĞAN H. H. , NAZIROĞLU M.

CHEMICO-BIOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS, vol.334, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 334
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cbi.2020.109306
  • Title of Journal : CHEMICO-BIOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS

Abstract

Oxidative stress (OS)-induced glutathione (GSH) depletion plays an essential role in several kidney diseases such as chronic kidney disease and nephmtoxicity. The OS-dependent activation of TRPM2 cation channel in several neurons and cells were modulated by the concentration of intracellular GSH. However, the effects of GSH alteration on TRPM2 activation, OS, and apoptosis in the cortical collecting duct (mpkCCD(c14)) cells still remain elusive. We investigated the effects of GSH supplementation on OS-induced TRPM2 activation, mitochondrial oxidative stress, and apoptosis in the human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) and mpkCCD(c14) cells treated with buthionine-sulfoximine (BSO), a GSH synthase inhibitor. The HEK293 and mpkCCD(c14) cells were divided into five groups as control, GSH (10 mM for 2 h), BSO (0.5 mM for 6 h), BSO + GSH, and BSO + TRPM2 channel blockers. Apoptosis, cell death, mitochondrial OS, caspase -3, caspase -9, cytosolic free Zn2+, and Ca2+ concentrations were increased in the BSO group of the TRPM2 expressing mpkCCD, 14 cells, although they were diminished by the treatments of GSH, PARP-1 inhibitors (PJ34 and DPQ), and TRPM2 blockers (ACA and 2-APB). The BSO-induced decreases in the levels of cell viability and cytosolic GSH were increased by the treatments of GSH, ACA, and 2-APB. However, the effects of BSO and GSH were not observed in the non-TRPM2 expressing HEK293 cells. Current results show that maintaining GSH homeostasis is not only important for quenching OS in the cortical collecting duct cells but equally critical to modulate TRPM2 activation. Thus, suppressing apoptosis and mitochondrial OS responses elicited by oxidant action of GSH depletion.