Chalcidoid parasitoids of overwintered pupae of Hyphantria cunea (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) in hazelnut plantations of Turkey's central Black Sea region


Sullivan G. T. , Karaca I. , Ozman-Sullivan S. K. , Yang Z. Q.

CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST, cilt.143, ss.411-414, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 143 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.4039/n11-014
  • Dergi Adı: CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.411-414

Özet

Overwintered pupae of fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Drury), were collected from 38 hazelnut (Corylus avellana L. (Betulaceae)) plantations in Samsun province, Turkey, in 2008 and 2009. Four chalcidoid (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) species were reared: Chouioia cunea Yang (Eulophidae), Conomorium amplum (Walker), Dibrachys boarmiae (Walker), and Psychophagus omnivorus (Walker) (Pteromalidae). Overall parasitism was 11.97% and 4.84% for 2008 and 2009, respectively; species richness on sites ranged from one to three species. Psychophagus omnivorus parasitised 6.7% of all pupae and comprised 79% of chalcidoid rearings. Chouioia cunea had the highest clutch average (117) and female:male ratio (44.5:1). Records of Chouioia cunea and Conomorium amplum are new for Turkey and, except for P. omnivorus, all parasitoids are new records for H. cunea in Turkey.