Determination of Essential Oil Content and Composition, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activities of Pastinaca sativa L. subsp urens (Req. Ex Gordon)

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Karadoğan T., Tosun B., Şanlı A.

Current Perspectives on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, vol.2, pp.125-132, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


This study was carried out in 2017 in order to determine the essential oil composition, total phenolic contents and antioxidant activity of fruits and above-ground parts of Pastinaca sativa L. subsp urens (Req. Ex Gordon) Celak, which grow naturally in the flora of Göller Region, Turkey. Plant samples were collected at full flowering and fruit samples were collected at theyellow maturing period. The essential oils were obtained by hydro-distillation and components of the oils were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Methanol extracts of fruit and plant samples were used for total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. Total phenolic contents were 50.40 ± 1.40 mg/gr and 67.86 ± 1.02 mg/gr in the fruit and herb samples, respectively. Antioxidant activity of the herb extract was higher than the fruits. Essential oil contents of fruit and herb samples were 3.20% and 0.33% and the numbers of components forming essential oils were 28 and 29, respectively. There were 47 different components identified in total for fruit and herb samples. The main component of the fruit oil was octyl butyrate (90.4%), while cis-ocimen (38.2%), Furanone (14.1%), octyl Butyrate (13.2%) and Butanoic acid (11.1%) were the major components of the herba essential oil.