Derekutuğun Tarihöncesi Madenci Çıraları The Prehistoric Mining Kindlings from Derekutugun

Yalçın Ü., Yalçın H. G.

SDÜ Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, no.47/2, pp.116-129, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


 Archeological excavations conducted in 2009-2011 and 2015-2017 in the prehistoric mining galleries of Derekutuğun provided important information about the Anatolian mining in Prehistory. The native copper formed in the cracks and cavities of the Miocene sediments was mined by opening galleries in the 3 rd millennium BC. Among the small finds revealed in the galleries, the kindlings are of much importance. They were used to illuminate the mining galleries and cavities where copper was taken from. The kindlings that were made from the local pine trees of Anatolia constitute the most important material group of its kind in the Near East.