Photosynthetic Effects of Light-emitting Diode (LED) on in Vitro-derived Strawberry (Fragariax Ananassa cv. Festival) Plants Under in Vitro Conditions


Kepenek K.

ERWERBS-OBSTBAU, cilt.61, ss.179-187, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 61 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10341-018-00414-0
  • Dergi Adı: ERWERBS-OBSTBAU
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.179-187

Özet

Purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) conditions using LED lamps on culture of shoot explants derived from in vitro shoots of Fragariax ananassa cv. Festival. To examine the combined effect of 55% red LED, 15% far red LED, 10% blue LED, 15% green LED and 5% warm light LED light on in vitro growth of plantlets, fresh and dry plant biomass, plant height, leaf area, number of shoot, shoot length, number of root and percentage of rooting and various growth of micro-propagated plants were assessed under four light intensities (25, 50, 75 and 100mol m(-2)s(-1) PPFD; TRT2, TRT3, TRT4, TRT5, respectively). Un-rooted strawberry shoots were cultured in the Culture Pack-rockwool system with MS medium under CO2-enriched condition. The best response for regeneration of shoots and root induction was observed for shoot explants obtained on MS supplemented with BAP 1mg/l and NAA 0.5mg/l at TRT3 (50mol m(-2)s(-1) PPFD). Chlorophyll and net photosynthesis were optimal in plants grown under TRT4 (75mol m(-2)s(-1) PPFD). Stomatal resistance and Fv/Fm values were highest at low light irradiance (TRT2). The highest efficiency and high frequency of shoot formation occurred after 30days. Elongation of shoot buds was obtained at TRT4 (75mol m(-2)s(-1) PPFD) and TRT5 (100mol m(-2)s(-1) PPFD) on the same MS medium. Regenerated shoots rooted best on the same medium of elongation. Irradiance at 75mol m(-2)s(-1) PPFD was suitable for the acclimatization of strawberry plants. We concluded that the present protocol can be efficiently used for mass propagation of the strawberry.