Developing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) has a negative impact on survival and morbidity. We assessed the predictive value of serum uric acid (SUA) for the development of CIN in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent pPCI. Contrast-induced nephropathy was defined an increase of 25% or 0.5 mg/dL in creatinine concentrations within 72 hours after pPCI. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to admission median SUA level. Serum uric acid level was <5.4 mg/dL (group 1; n = 222) and 5.4 mg/dL (group 2; n = 228). Compared to group 1, development of CIN (12% vs 20%, P < .001) was significantly greater in group 2. Using a cut point of >5.45 mg/dL, the SUA level predicted development of CIN with a sensitivity of 70% and specificity of 67%. In multiple logistic regression analysis, SUA level, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction <50%, contrast volume, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and C-reactive protein level emerged as independent predictors of CIN. In conclusion, elevated SUA is an independent risk factor for the development of CIN after pPCI in patients with STEMI.