COMPARASION OF CARCASS YIELD AND WHOLESALE MEAT CHARACTERISTICS OF HOLSTEIN AND BROWN SWISS CATTLE


Bozkurt Y. , Dogan C.

SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES D-ANIMAL SCIENCE, cilt.61, ss.231-234, 2018 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 61 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Dergi Adı: SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES D-ANIMAL SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.231-234

Özet

This study, aimed to compare carcass and wholesale beef cut yields of Holstein and Brown Swiss male cattle. The data from Holstein (17) and Brown Swiss (17) cold carcasses were obtained from 34 animals in total slaughtered in a commercial slaughterhouse in Isparta province located in the west Mediterranean region of Turkey. For this purpose, carcasses were fabricated into four primal wholesale carcass bone-in cuts as combined with sub primal retail cuts. Therefore, cold carcass weights (CCW), killing-out percentages (KO%), forequarter, hindquarter, chuck (combined with brisket), rib (combined with plate), loin (combined with sirloin and flank) and round were recorded in kilograms and as percentages of carcass weight (CW%). There were no significant differences (P>0.05) in CCWs and KO% between breeds. Average CCWs and KO% of each breed were 242.1 and 250 kg and 51.02% and 50.4% for Brown Swiss and Holstein, respectively. There were also no significant differences (P>0.05) in forequarter and hindquarter of breeds. Average weights and CW% of forequarters were 128.4 and 131.9 kg and (53.1% and 52.8%) for Brown Swiss and Holstein, respectively. Similarly hindquarters were 113.7 and 118.1 kg and (46.9% and 47.2%) for Brown Swiss and Holstein, respectively. While there were no significant differences (P>0.05) in other cuts only rib values obtained for Holstein cattle were significantly greater (P<0.05) than those of Brown Swiss cattle. It was observed that there was a tendency for all carcass characteristics of Holstein cattle to be higher than Brown Swiss cattle. However, both cattle could be recommended for beef producers in the region.