Special cam mechanisms which require advanced technology are used in the drive mechanism of nowadays rota ry dobbies. Electromagnets are generally preferred in the selection mechanisms which increase the cost of production and make the maintenance more difficult. This work aims to design a new rotary dobby different from the other dobbies. First of all, the design and synthesis of a new drive mechanism with eight members, equal and double standby at 180 degrees oscillating motion was developed. The results of the research revealed that both the theoretical and the experimental values of the waiting angles of drive mechanism are compatible with each other. Thus, it has been proposed that designed mechanism can be used instead of the special cams mechanisms in the rotary dobbies. Pneumatic pistons and locks have been used in the selection mechanism of rotating dobby developed in the study. During the performence tests, it has been observed that the pneumatic piston and locks can be used instead of the electromagnets by providing that they work in harmony with each other. As a conclusion, when the working performance of dobby was observed, it was confirmed that dobby worked with a high performance and durably with all of its mechanisms. Additionally the shedding process was precisely carried out. Finally a new rotary dobby which was easy to construct with low cost has been designed and produced.