Thermal Comfort Performances of Double-face Knitted Insulation Fabrics

Kaplan S., Yılmaz B.

FIBERS AND POLYMERS, vol.23, no.2, pp.537-545, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12221-021-0045-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex
  • Page Numbers: pp.537-545
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


Thermal comfort parameters of knitted fabrics such as thermal resistance and liquid transfer can be enhanced by combining hydrophilic and hydrophobic functional yarns as double-face fabrics. This study aims to investigate thermal conductivity (Alambeta Parameters), permeability (air permeability and Permetest Parameters) and liquid management characteristics of double-face knitted fabrics for which functional yarns such as Thermosoft®, Nilit Heat®, Viloft® and wool were combined with standard polyester (PET) and polypropylene (PP) by a false rib structure. According to the results of 11 fabrics-s is necessary, Nilit Heat®/PP (inner/outer) fabric has advantages for breathability, warmer sensations as a result of its minimum thermal absorption, conductivity and diffusion. Wool/PET can be suggested more for liquid management properties with its branched structure besides its higher thermal resistance and air permeability values. Both structures including hydrophilic or functional inner surfaces touching the skin can be suggested for a cold protective clothing to enable stable insulation and dryness.