An effective edge detection technique for subsurface structural mapping from potential field data

Pham L. T., Van Duong H., Kieu Duy T., Oliveira S. P., Lai G. M., Bui T. M., ...More

Acta Geophysica, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11600-023-01185-3
  • Journal Name: Acta Geophysica
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Boundary detection, Horizontal gradient amplitude, Kon Tum province, Potential field data
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


Improving the horizontal boundaries of subsurface geological structures is one of the main objectives in interpreting potential fields. To solve this problem, a number of different algorithms have been introduced based on the derivatives of the field. However, these algorithms have some drawbacks, e.g., the determined edges do not match the actual boundaries. Here, we present a new algorithm based on the gradient amplitude and its derivatives which yields more precise and clear boundaries. The robustness of the proposed technique is illustrated using theoretical examples and a real example from Kon Tum province, Vietnam. Our results show that the proposed technique can produce results with better resolution and minimizes the artifacts in the pseudo-boundary map.