Evaluation of sulbactam and colistin/sulbactam efficacy against multiple resistant Acinetobacter baumannii blood isolates


Heydarlou M. M., DURMAZ G., IBRAHIM B.

Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol.40, no.4, pp.567-571, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijmmb.2022.06.009
  • Journal Name: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.567-571
  • Keywords: Acinetobacter baumannii, Automated identification system, Colistin/sulbactam, Combination test, Multiple drug resistance
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Indian Association of Medical MicrobiologistsPurpose: We aimed to compare the results of the BD Phoenix (TM) M50 ID/AST system and the gold standard broth microdilution method. We also evaluated the potential of a new therapeutic combination (colistin/sulbactam) for colistin resistance among Acinetobacter baumanni strains. Methods: Growth in blood samples was detected with the BACTEC (BD Becton Dickinson, ABD) continuous monitoring blood culture system. Strains were identified by Phoenix (BD Phoenix™ M50, ABD) automated bacterial identification system and antimicrobial susceptibility results were obtained. A total of 92 A. baumannii complex isolates showing resistance to at least three antibiotic classes were included in the study. Colistin susceptibility results (both susceptible and resistant strains) detected by the Phoenix device were confirmed by the reference method, the liquid microdilution method. The concentration index (FIC) was used to determine the efficacy of fractional inhibitor drug combinations, the efficacy of colistin/sulbactam combination against 50 multiresistant A. baumannii complex strains was investigated using the checkerboard method. Results: 10 (10.9%) of 92 isolates were resistant to colistin and 80 (86.9%) to sulbactam. With the automation system, only 2 of 10 isolates were found resistant to colistin, while 8 isolates were susceptible. For this reason, the very major error rate of the Phoenix M50 automatic system among resistant isolates was determined as 8/10. It was determined that 6 (12%) of the colistin/sulbactam combination had a synergistic effect and 44 (88%) had an additive interaction. No antagonistic interaction was detected with the colistin–sulbactam combination in this study. Conclusion: A. baumannii strains should be confirmed by the broth microdilution method, which is the reference method, against the MIC results detected by automated systems. It was concluded that the use of colistin alone should be avoided in the treatment of A. baumannii infections.