Recovery of zinc and manganese from alkaline and zinc-carbon spent batteries

De Michelis I., Ferella F., Karakaya E., Beolchini F., Veglio F.

JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, vol.172, no.2, pp.975-983, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 172 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.04.092
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.975-983
  • Keywords: manganese, zinc, oxalic acid, battery, recycling, leaching, OXALIC-ACID, DIOXIDE
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


This paper concerns the recovery of zinc and manganese from alkaline and zinc-carbon spent batteries. The metals were dissolved by a reductive-acid leaching with sulphuric acid in the presence of oxalic acid as reductant. Leaching tests were realised according to a full factorial design, then simple regression equations for Mn, Zn and Fe extraction were determined from the experimental data as a function of pulp density, sulphuric acid concentration, temperature and oxalic acid concentration. The main effects and interactions were investigated by the analysis of variance (ANOVA). This analysis evidenced the best operating conditions of the reductive acid leaching: 70% of manganese and 100% of zinc were extracted after 5 h, at 80 degrees C with 20% of pulp density, 1.8 M sulphuric acid concentration and 59.4 g L-1 of oxalic acid. Both manganese and zinc extraction yields higher than 96% were obtained by using two sequential leaching steps. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.