Review on the Anthropomorphic Figurines of the Early Bronze Age Royal Tombs from Alacahöyük

Yalçın H. G.

At the Northern Frontier of Near Eastern Archaeology: Recent Research on Caucasia and Anatolia in the Bronze Age/An der Nordgrenze der vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Neue Forschung über Kaukasien und Anatolien in der Bronzezeit, Venice, Italy, 9 - 11 January 2012, pp.1-2

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Venice
  • Country: Italy
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-2


Review on the Anthropomorphic Figurines of the Early Bronze Age Royal Tombs from Alacahöyük (poster session)
Yalçın, Ünsal – Yalçın, H. Gönül (Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum – Germany)
The anthropomorphic figurines and idols are among the common and distinctive finds of Anatolian prehistory, though studies about the comparative typologies on anthropomorphic figurines are hardly available. Six female figurines were found in the Royal Tombs of Alacahöyük. The analyses of these female figurines of the Royal Tombs from Alacahöyük show that two of these objects were produced from silver, while the rest was casted from bronze. Beyond this the figurines reveal typological differences. Three schematic female figurines from tombs A1 and L provide the features of the idols. Three further figurines from tomb H are depicting females plastically. The metal figurines from the Royal Tombs of Alacahöyük reveal a local nature. Similar figurines are known from the other Early Bronze Age settlements of Anatolia. In opposition to most of Early Bronze Age figurines from the other regions of Anatolia, the majority of the figurines from the royal tombs reveal obvious depictions like facial features, extremities and a visibly shaped body. This is a clear indication for classifying them to the group of naturalistic figurines, though two of these figurines can be regarded as a transition between naturalistic and schematic depictions.