Assessment of variations in water quality using statistical techniques: a case study of Isikli Lake, Civril/Denizli, Turkey


ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES, vol.10, no.6, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12517-017-2877-4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


A study of the hydrochemical evaluation of waters in the Isikli Lake and surrounding area was carried out with the objective of identifying the geochemical processes and their relation with water quality in the region. The multivariate statistical techniques were used in the hydrochemical evaluation of waters. Statistical analysis of water quality parameters was made to seeing the interrelationship between different variables in order to explain the water quality and pollution status of study area. For this purpose, water samples were taken from lake, river, stream, and springs which are represented by investigated area and water qualities were evaluated. Generally, Ca2+, Mg2+, and Cl-, HCO3- ions are dominant within surface water and water sources. Arsenic concentration increase is determined in Isikli spring and Kufi stream water samples. Also, aluminum concentration is high level in the Kufi stream water samples. This increase was related to igneous rocks as geogenic origin. Also, geogenic contamination was identified in R-mode factor and cluster analyses. There is high correlation between electrical conductivity and major ions of waters.