“The correlation between death anxiety and anxiety in elderly with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


NAL B. , AYDIN AVCI İ., AYYILDIZ M.

PROGRESS IN HEALTH SCİENCE, vol.6, no.1, pp.63-69, 2016 (International Refereed University Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Title of Journal : PROGRESS IN HEALTH SCİENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.63-69

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to determine the correlation between death anxiety and anxiety in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Materials and methods: This study has been conducted on the individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who were over 65 years. They received outpatient and inpatient treatment at a hospital. 171 elderly persons that were determined via power analysis were included in the research. Data was collected using a survey form, Death Anxiety Scale, State Anxiety Scale, and Trait anxiety scale. We used the following test statistics: t-test, ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis Variance Analysis, and Pearson Correlation Test analysis. Results: 66.1 percent (113) of the participants are male and 33.9%(58) female; mean age is 72?6.83. The mean death anxiety score of the participants is 9.04?4.02. The mean State Anxiety score of elderly individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is 44.8?1.29; the trait anxiety mean score is 48.85?1.13. In those chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, we found a significant (p<0.001) correlation between state and trait anxiety, and that the latter two are high in cases where death anxiety is high. Conclusion: We found that death anxiety and anxiety are high in patients with COPD. Keywords: Elderly patients, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Death Anxiety, Anxiety, State Anxiety, Trait Anxiety.