Objective: To evaluate the effects of surface coating and 1-year water aging on flexural strength, compressive strength (CS) and surface roughness of fluoride-releasing restorative materials. Materials and Methods: The specimens were prepared from seven materials: GCP Glass Fill (GCP), Amalgomer CR (AHL), Zirconomer (Shofu), Fuji IX GP Capsule (GC), Beautifil II (Shofu), Estelite sigma Quick (Tokuyama), and reliaFIL LC (AHL). The specimens were randomly divided into two groups for each test: surface coated with G-Coat Plus (GC) and uncoated. Each group was subdivided into two groups stored in distilled water at 37 degrees C for 24 h and 1 year before testing (n = 10). The flexural and CS were evaluated according to ISO standards on a universal testing machine. The surface roughness was assessed with AFM. After flexural strength test, a cross-section of the coated specimens was evaluated with SEM. Data were analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, Duncan and independent t-tests (P = 0.05). Results: After 24 h, a significant increase was observed on the flexural and CS of Amalgomer CR, Zirconomer, and Fuji IX GP by coating (P < 0.05). After 1 year, the coating increased the flexural strength of Amalgomer CR and Zirconomer, and CS of GCP Glass Fill (P < 0.05). The coating decreased the surface roughness of GCP Glass Fill, Amalgomer CR, and Zirconomer after 1 year (P < 0.05). The water aging decreased the mechanical properties of glass ionomer-based materials and increased their surface roughness (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The mechanical properties and surface roughness of glass ionomer-based materials were affected by coating and water aging.