Eukaryotic cells chemotax in a wide range of chemoattractant concentration gradients, and thus need inhibitory processes that terminate cell responses to reach adaptation while maintaining sensitivity to higher-concentration stimuli. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying inhibitory processes are still poorly understood. Here, we reveal a locally controlled inhibitory process in a GPCR-mediated signaling network for chemotaxis in Dictyoste-lium discoideum. We identified a negative regulator of Ras signaling, C2GAP1, which localizes at the leading edge of chemotaxing cells and is activated by and essential for GPCR-mediated Ras signaling. We show that both C2 and GAP domains are required for the membrane targeting of C2GAP1, and that GPCR-triggered Ras activation is necessary to recruit C2GAP1 from the cytosol and retains it on the membrane to locally inhibit Ras signaling. C2GAP1-deficient c2gapA(- )cells have altered Ras activation that results in impaired gradient sensing, excessive polymerization of F actin, and subsequent defective chemotaxis. Remarkably, these cellular defects of c2gapA(-) cells are chemoattractant concentration dependent. Thus, we have uncovered an inhibitory mechanism required for adaptation and long-range chemotaxis.