Predictors of vascular access thrombosis among patients on the cadaveric renal transplantation waiting list

Akman B., Afsar B., Atac F., Ibis A., Arat Z., Sezer S., ...More

TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS, vol.38, no.2, pp.413-415, 2006 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2006.01.022
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.413-415


Acute thrombotic complications remain a constant, proportionally increasing complication before and after renal transplantation. We sought to investigate predictors for a prothrombotic state that increased the risk of vascular access thrombosis, among chronic renal failure patients during the waiting period prior to cadaveric renal transplantation. Chronic renal failure patients awaiting cadaveric renal transplantation and followed between January 2002 and January 2005 were included in this study. The 109 subjects including, 61 females and 48 males of mean age: 47.4 +/- 12.9 years; There were 36 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and 73 hemodialysis patients. Serum albumin, prealbumin, CRP, d-dimer, fibrinogen, antithrombin III, anticardiolipin antibodies (immunoglobulins G and M), homocystein, vitamin B-12, folic acid, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and total platelet count were measured in each patient. Factor V Leiden, prothrombin 20210, ACE and MTHFR gene mutations were studied in all patients. Vascular Access thrombosis was detected in 62 patients. During follow-up 31 of 109 patients died. Vascular access thrombosis occurred in 78 patients who survived and 31 who died. The patients who died showed a significantly higher rate of thrombosis than those who survived (P = .003, OR: 4.61, CI: 1.70 to 12.50). Among the above biochemical risk factors, multiple regression analysis and backward logistic analysis revealed that d-dimer was the strongest biochemical predictor of thrombosis (P = .013, RR: 17.8). Upon evaluation of genetic risk factors, only factor V Leiden mutation was related to vascular access thrombosis (P = .001). In conclusion, the presence of vascular access thrombosis is a risk factor for mortality during the waiting period for cadaveric renal transplantation. As patients with factor V Leiden mutation or high serum d-dimer levels are at high risk for vascular access thrombosis, we recommend close monitorizing of these patients and use of anticoagulant therapy during the waiting period prior to renal transplantation.