Encapsulated phosphates reduce lipid oxidation in both ground chicken and ground beef during raw and cooked meat storage with some influence on color, pH, and cooking loss


KILIÇ B., ŞİMŞEK A., CLAUS J. R. , ATLGAN E.

MEAT SCIENCE, vol.97, no.1, pp.93-103, 2014 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 97 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.01.014
  • Journal Name: MEAT SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.93-103
  • Keywords: Phosphate, Encapsulation, Lipid oxidation, Beef, Chicken, WARMED-OVER FLAVOR, SODIUM TRIPOLYPHOSPHATE, ACID-PHOSPHATASE, VOLATILE PROFILES, BROILER BREAST, STABILITY, MYOGLOBIN, PATTIES, PORK, IRON

Abstract

Effects of encapsulated sodium tripolyphosphate (STP), sodium hexametaphosphate (HMP) and sodium pyrophosphate (SIP) on lipid oxidation in uncooked (0, 2, 24 h) and cooked (0, 1, 7 d) ground chicken and beef during storage were determined. Ten phosphate treatments included a control (no phosphate), three unencapsulated (u) at 0.5% and three encapsulated (e) phosphates (0.5%) each at a low (e-low) and high (e-high) coating level. Two heating rates (slow, fast) were investigated. Cooking loss (CL), pH, color, orthophosphate (OP), TBARS and lipid hydroperoxides (LPO) were determined. A fast heating and uSTP resulted in lower CL (p < 0.05). Orthophosphate increased with phosphate incorporation, slow heating and storage (p < 0.05). Encapsulated phosphates and increased coating level reduced OP (p < 0.05). Unencapsulated SW increased CIE a* and pH, whereas uSPP decreased CIE a* and pH (p < 0.05). Encapsulated phosphates and the greater coating level had no effect on the pH in cooked samples. Not increased coating level but encapsulated phosphates decreased lipid oxidation in cooked samples (p < 0.05). (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.