Investigation on thermal degradation kinetics and mechanisms of chicken manure, lignite, and their blends by TGA


YURDAKUL S. , GÜREL B. , VAROL M., GÜRBÜZ H. , KURTULUŞ K.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-021-12732-0
  • Title of Journal : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH

Abstract

In this study, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was performed under the air environment for four different heating rates (10, 20, 30, and 40 degrees C min(-1)) in order to find out thermal degradation and mechanisms of the chicken manure, a Turkish lignite, and their blends (25 lignite + 75 manure, 50 lignite + 50 manure, and 75 lignite + 25 manure). To calculate thermal kinetics and responsible solid-state mechanisms of the samples, the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa and Coats-Redfern methods were applied. Significant differences between Turkish lignite and chicken manure samples were observed in terms of thermal kinetics and mechanisms. D1 and D4 mechanisms were found to be the responsible mechanisms for the main oxidation region of the lignite and chicken manure/blends, respectively. A similar decreasing trend for the calculated activation energies and pre-exponential constants was observed with increasing biomass content in the manure blends from 25 to 75% by both Flynn-Wall-Ozawa and Coats-Redfern methods. Furthermore, biomass content has an effect on the mechanisms of chicken manure blends during the combustion. D3 was found to be the responsible solid-state mechanism for the third regions (pre-combustion of the manure) of the chicken manure samples. However, D1 and D2 mechanisms were found to be responsible mechanisms for the blends.