It is suggested that burnout process begins in medical school where emotional requirements are often ignored or in high-pressure structure residency programs. The aim of this study is to examine the occurrence of three dimensions of burnout syndrome (emotional exhaustion [ee], depersonalization [dp], and personal accomplishment [pa]) among family medicine residents and the relationship of burnout to socio-demographic and educational factors. A mitten questionnaire was developed and distributed to family medicine residents working in Ankara in February 1998. The questionnaire contained, 14 questions, concerning demographics, work conditions, habits, free time usage. An optional part contained an instrument proven valid, reliable for Turkish Health Workers as measure for job-related burnout. Single residents had higher ee and dp scores, married residents had higher pa scores. Residents with shorter duration of work experience had higher ee, dp and lower pa scores. Detrimental effects increase psychosomatic complaints, negative affective states, work-withdrawing behaviours and decreases positive affective states.