Biodegradation of cyanide containing effluents by Scenedesmus oblipus


GURBUZ F., ÇİFTÇİ H. , Akcil A.

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.162, no.1, pp.74-79, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 162 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.05.008
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
  • Page Numbers: pp.74-79

Abstract

Biological degradation of cyanide has been shown a viable and robust process for degrading cyanide in mining process wastewaters. Several algal cultures can effectively degrade cyanide as carbon and/or nitrogen source for their growth. In this study, cyanide effluent degradation by Scenedesmus obliquus was examined. Gold mill effluents containing WAD cyanide concentration of 77.9 mg/L was fed to batch unit to examine the ability of S. obliquus for degrading cyanide. Cyanide was reduced down to 6 mg/L in 77 h. Microbial growth and metal uptake of Zn, Fe and Cu was examined during cyanide degradation. The cells well adapted to high pH and the effluent contained cyanide and the metals. it is important that Zn level reduced down 50%, of the starting concentration. pH was kept at 10.3 to prevent loss of cyanide as HCN, due its volatile nature. The bio treatment process was considered to be successful in degrading cyanide in the mine process water. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.