Concretes Containing Hematite for Use as Shielding Barriers

GENÇEL O., Brostow W., Ozel C., Filiz M.

MATERIALS SCIENCE-MEDZIAGOTYRA, vol.16, no.3, pp.249-256, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.249-256
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


Heavyweight concrete is widely used for radiation shielding of nuclear reactors and other structures that require radiation impermeability. Aggregates play here an important role - while hematite and other iron ores are commonly used for the purpose. However, little information on properties of hematite-containing concrete other than radiation shielding data has been reported. We have studied effects of different concentrations of hematite (10 to 50 volume % at 10 % intervals) on physical and mechanical properties of concrete. A unique water-to-cement ratio of 0.42 kg/m(3) and 400 kg/m(3) cement content was selected. Addition of hematite increases the unit weight (density) so that a smaller thickness of concrete is required to provide radiation shielding. After 30 freeze-thaw cycles the plain concrete looses 21.3 % of its compressive strength while the composite containing 10 % hematite looses only 7.8 % of the strength. Concrete and hematite composites have lower drying shrinkage than plain concrete, thus lowering stresses resulting from the shrinkage.