Investigation of the relationship between periodontal and systemic inflammation in children with Sickle Cell Disease: A case- control study


ÖZTÜRK TONGUÇ M., Ozturk C., Polat G., Bobusoglu O., Tek S. A. , Tasdelen B., ...More

CYTOKINE, vol.149, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 149
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cyto.2021.155724
  • Journal Name: CYTOKINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Keywords: Sickle cell disease, Saliva, Cytokine, Periodontal disease, OXIDATIVE STRESS, CYTOKINE PROFILE, INFECTION, ASSOCIATION, BACTEREMIA, MARKERS, ANEMIA

Abstract

Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory diseases and tissue destruction increases with oxidative stress in periodontal tissues. Periodontal diseases are associated with systemic diseases such as diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases and rheumatoid arthritis by means of systemic inflammation. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic inflammatory disease in which vaso-occlusive crisis and endothelial dysfunction are present. It is not known whether the chronic systemic inflammation seen in SCD affect periodontal tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between periodontal and systemic inflammation in children with SCD. Forty-three children with SCD and 43 healthy children were included in the study. Physical, dental and periodontal statuses were examined, blood and saliva samples were taken. Levels of pro-inflammatory and oxidative stress mediators in serum and saliva were evaluated. The periodontal findings of the groups were similar. The majority of the subjects in both groups had gingival inflammation. In SCD group, significantly higher serum high sensitive C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, total oxidant status (TOS), nitric oxide (NO) and salivary IL-6 were observed (p < 0.05). There were positive correlations between salivary IL-6 levels and serum Hs-CRP levels (r = 0.303, p < 0.05). In addition; it was determined that salivary IL-6, TNF-alpha and NO levels were increased 3-6 times in children with a history of painful crisis or acute chest syndrome compared to children who had never had a painful crisis or acute chest syndrome. Although, observed oral health status was similar in both groups, salivary cytokine levels were increased in children with SCD. The higher salivary cytokine levels may be associated with chronic systemic inflammation and vaso-occlusion observed in