Concise Study of Hypersonics and Its Flow Characteristics

Shankar R. N., Angelin S. ., Gürbüz H.

in: Handbook of Research on Aspects and Applications of Incompressible and Compressible Aerodynamics, Sathish K. Kumar,Naren Shankar Radhakrishnan, Editor, IGI Global, Beijing, pp.256-282, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • City: Beijing
  • Page Numbers: pp.256-282
  • Editors: Sathish K. Kumar,Naren Shankar Radhakrishnan, Editor


Hypersonic vehicles attain a speed five times more high-speed than the speed of sound, which is beyond Mach 5 and nearly equal to 6174km/h. Hypersonic flow has certain characteristics, essentially a reedy shock layer, formation of entropy layer, viscous interactions, high temperature, and low-density flow. Only if these characteristics are subjected in the flow can the flow can be called hypersonic. While designing a hypersonic flight vehicle, the characteristics of the hypersonic atmosphere should be understood clearly. This comes as a major design constraint. A brief overview of the hypersonic vehicle design and high-speed flow characteristics will be presented in this chapter. A few characteristics of hypersonic flow and the ideal design conditions will also be reviewed.