A rare cause of inguinal hernia: scrotal cystocele

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ZİHNİ İ. , Duran A., Soysal V.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF SURGERY, vol.32, no.2, pp.137-139, 2016 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/ucd.2014.2296
  • Page Numbers: pp.137-139
  • Keywords: Bladder, inguinal hernia, herniation, CT, DIAGNOSIS


Herniation of the urinary bladder into the inguinal canal is rare. It constitutes 1-3% of all inguinal hernias. Bladder herniation is usually asymptomatic, and it is usually diagnosed during surgery or as a result of intra-operative bladder injury. Male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms or with a history of previous hernia surgery are at increased risk of bladder herniation. Typically, patients complain of inguinal or scrotal swelling, dysuria and shrinkage of scrotal swelling after voiding. Early diagnosis with radiological imaging is important to prevent complications during surgery. Intravenous pyelography, retrograde cystography, pelvic ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging can be used for preoperative diagnosis. In this report, a patient is presented who presented to our clinic with scrotal swelling and was diagnosed with scrotal bladder herniation by retrograde cystography, taken due to clinical suspicion based on his history.