EVALUATING OF ELECTRIC ENERGY GENERATING POTENTIAL USING BIOGAS FROM ANIMAL BIOMASSES IN BURDUR CITY


Kulcu R. , Cihanalp C.

SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES E-LAND RECLAMATION EARTH OBSERVATION & SURVEYING ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, cilt.6, ss.17-22, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Dergi Adı: SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES E-LAND RECLAMATION EARTH OBSERVATION & SURVEYING ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.17-22

Özet

Today, with population increasing, industry growing up, technology advancing and getting involved with our lives ever so largely, the need for energy naturally increases. As current resources are failing to meet the requirements, search for alternative sources begins. Studies are rapidly increasing on a search for energy resources that are renewable, environment friendly, harmless to living beings and are not reliant on outside sources. Renewable energy resources are sustainable as they exist in the nature and do not have limited reserves. They also have strategic importance on the principle of sustainability as they do not produce greenhouse gas emissions upon usage. Today, renewable energy resources like the sun, wind, biomass, geothermal, hydraulics, hydrogen and wave energies are used in various ways, mainly for electricity. One of the renewable resources, biogas is a gas mixture emerging during oxygen-free fermentation of organic waste, and it is classified among biomass resources. In this study, we have determined the current animal quantity in Burdur city and calculated the amount of fertilizers obtained annually from these animals. Then the amounts of biogas, methane, electricity and thermal energy that can be produced out of these fertilizers is discovered should they be processed in biogas facilities. Figures show that based on 2015 statistics, 3.1mil tons of fertilizers is acquired annually from the animals in Burdur. Processing these fertilizers in biogas facilities can produce 79 million m(3) of methane in a year. Burning this amount of methane in cogeneration systems can produce 275,740,415.72 kWh electricity and 315,131,903.68 kWh thermal energy annually.