Experiments on the transition from the steady to the oscillatory Marangoni convection of a floating-zone under various cold wall temperatures and various ambient air temperature effects


Selver R.

MICROGRAVITY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.17, ss.25-35, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 17 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/bf02889517
  • Dergi Adı: MICROGRAVITY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.25-35

Özet

The transition from the steady to the oscillatory, Marangoni convection of a floating-zone under various cold wall temperatures and various ambient air temperature effects have been investigated experimentally by heating the sample from above (opposite direction of Marangoni convection and buoyant forces). The heat transfer takes place mainly through conduction as well as the natural convection of the air around the cylindrical liquid bridge. The ambient airflow in the present work is varied by varying the cold wall temperature and ambient air temperature. In this study, the transition from the steady to the oscillatory Marangoni convection flow of a high Prandtl number fluid in a floating ha half-zone is visualized by means of the already proven method of the "light-cut-technique". The test fluid zone is held in ambient air at +4 degrees C, +10 degrees C, +16 degrees C, +23 degrees C, and +28 degrees C. The onset of oscillations, the oscillation level, and oscillation pattern are investigated under various conditions. It is found that the critical temperature difference (Delta T-C1) varies substantially when the cold wall temperature and the ambient air temperature are varied.