New molecular mechanisms on the activation of TRPM2 channels by oxidative stress and ADP-ribose

Naziroglu M.

NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH, vol.32, no.11, pp.1990-2001, 2007 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11064-007-9386-x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1990-2001


The Na+ and Ca2+-permeable melastatin related transient receptor potential (TRPM2) cation channels can be gated either by ADP-ribose (ADPR) in concert with Ca2+ or by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), an experimental model for oxidative stress, and binding to the channel's enzymatic Nudix domain. Since the mechanisms that lead to TRPM2 inhibiting in response to ADPR and H2O2 are not understood, I reviewed the effects of various inhibitors such as flufenamic acid and PARP inhibitors on ADPR, NAD(+) and H2O2-induced TRPM2 currents. In our experimental study, TRPM2 cation channels in chinese hamster ovary transected cells were gated both by ADPR and NAD(+). In addition, H2O2 seems to activate TRPM2 by changing to the hydroxyl radical in the intracellular space after passing the plasma membrane. Experimental studies with respect to patch-clamp and Ca2(+) imaging, inhibitor roles of antioxidants are also summarized in the review.