Dexpanthenol may protect the brain against lipopolysaccharide induced neuroinflammation via anti-oxidant action and regulating CREB/BDNF signaling


ÖZDAMAR ÜNAL G. , AŞCI H. , ERZURUMLU Y. , İLHAN İ. , Hasseyid N., ÖZMEN Ö.

IMMUNOPHARMACOLOGY AND IMMUNOTOXICOLOGY, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08923973.2021.2025246
  • Title of Journal : IMMUNOPHARMACOLOGY AND IMMUNOTOXICOLOGY
  • Keywords: Neuroinflammation, lipopolysaccharide, pathology, immunohistochemistry, dexpanthenol, INJURY

Abstract

Background Neuroinflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases. Dexpanthenol (Dex) is an alcoholic analogue of pantothenic acid with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dexpanthenol on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced brain injury, specifically on the CREB/BDNF pathway. Method Thirty-two rats were distributed into four groups: control, LPS, LPS + Dex and Dex groups. In this study, using real-time PCR, we evaluated changes in the gene expression of BDNF and CREB in the hippocampal brain tissue. Total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS) were measured spectrophotometrically in the cortical tissue. Brain and cerebellum tissues were collected for histopathological examination and immunohistochemical assessment of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and caspase-3 (Cas-3). Result and discussion In the LPS + Dex group, TAS levels were significantly higher while TOS and OSI levels were significantly lower than the LPS group. In the LPS + Dex and Dex group, BDNF relative mRNA expressions were significantly higher than the LPS group. The levels of CREB relative mRNA expression in LPS and LPS + Dex group were significantly lower than the control group. An increased expression of Cas-3 and TNF-alpha in the LPS group and a decreased expression in the LPS + Dex group were observed in the immunohistochemical examination. Conclusion According to these results, it may be considered that CREB-mediated BDNF synthesis may play a role in the etiopathogenesis of neuroinflammation. By regulating these changes with dexpanthenol treatment, a positive contribution may be made to neuroinflammation treatment.