Proton transfer and autoionization in HNO3 center dot HCl center dot(H2O)(n) particles


BALCI F. M. , URAS-AYTEMIZ N., GOMEZ P. C. , ESCRIBANO R.

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, vol.13, no.40, pp.18145-18153, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 40
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/c1cp22322d
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.18145-18153

Abstract

The structure and spectroscopic properties of clusters of HNO3 center dot HCl center dot(H2O)(n), with n = 1 to 6, have been calculated at the MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ level of theory. Altogether 22 different clusters have been found as stable structures, with minima in their potential energy surfaces. The clusters can be grouped in families with the same number of water molecules, and with close aggregation energies within each family. The addition of each new water molecule increments the aggregation energy of the clusters by a nearly constant value of 76.2 +/- 0.1 Hartree. The proton transfer parameter and the coordination number of HNO3 and HCl in each cluster have been evaluated, and the wavenumber shifts for the X--H+ vibration from the corresponding mode in the isolated molecules have also been predicted. These values allow classification of the acidic species in the clusters into three types, characterized by the strength of the hydrogen bond and the degree of ionization. A correspondence is found between the coordination number of HNO3 and the magnitude of the X--H+ vibrational shift.