WOMAN IN THE LAKE REGION TERRACOTTA CULTURE


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Ünal S.

II. INTERNATIONAL WORLD WOMEN CONFERENCE February 11-12, 2021 / AZERBAIJAN, Baku, Azerbaijan, 11 - 12 February 2021, pp.381-395

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Baku
  • Country: Azerbaijan
  • Page Numbers: pp.381-395

Abstract

Abstract

 

Humanity has gone through both intellectual and physical phases of tens of thousands of years, perhaps millions of years, even if its age is not known exactly, and questioned its life while trying to hold on to life. It realized production and abundance, including its own formation, and evaluated them in a cult manner. It identified the fertility of the land with the woman who produced and gave birth like soil. As a result, he worshiped the woman he made from the soil and made him a goddess.

The Neolithic Period, which is also considered as the first revolutionary process, is also a period in which people met closely with terracotta, shaped it, put it into production and met its many needs. Another important feature of this period is that women stand out. Identifying the fertility of the woman with the fertility of the soil, along with that, the ability to feed, making a terracotta pot, etc. In short, its productivity in every aspect has raised its social position. Especially in this period, the dominant factor is now women, when the structure where the male is in the lead with the hunting weapons in the hands of the men in the hunting period, and the food production and production in the new period, the woman.

Pottery, which is the tradition and production of thousands of years of geography extending from Anatolia to Asia Minor, offers its own descriptions in the Lakes Region, as in Anatolia, especially in prehistoric examples. In the production of terracotta, where air, water, soil and fire are integrated with man, the woman is both a producer and a model depicted with respect to meet her unique needs.

The Göller Region, which contains important Neolithic settlements such as Hacılar, Kuruçay, Bademağacı, Höyücek and right next to Çatalhöyük, generously exhibits this formation, which is uninterrupted in ethnographic and traditional dimensions, as well as very beautiful examples of ceramic-woman relationship in archaeological scale.

Pottery culture, which started with women and whose operational style continues almost unchanged until today, has brought women to the forefront in contemporary ceramic art in the ongoing modern process. In other words, today, the woman has not abandoned the material that she found close to her for thousands of years, but also embraced it and interpreted it in the best way. Because, in the traditional context, most of today's contemporary ceramic artists are women, as is the pottery craft that still lives in Anatolia today.