FIG 2018, ISTANBUL, İstanbul, Türkiye, 6 - 11 Mayıs 2018
Anatolia is the home to early complex societies and has been the birth place or passage of many civilizations. Despite of various qualified academic studies and field excursions, excavations, and studies, Anatolian history is composed from a vast variety of unknowns. One of these unknowns originates from Akarçay Tepe, Turkey. The settlement is located in the middle Euphrates on the side of Şanlıurfa and on the south of Halfeti and north of Carchemish. Akarçay Tepe presents an example of a Pre-Pottery and Pottery Neolithic settlement. The settlement is in a region which has been occupied continuously since the Paleolithic Age.
A series of limestone plates, were found in-situ in Akarçay Tepe, during archeological excavations held from 1999 onwards. Today, these plates are exhibited in the Şanlıurfa Museum. Due to the absence of interdisciplinary studies and geospatial evaluations, these findings are named as “line-decorated plates” by archeologists.
This paper aims to present Akarçay Tepe plates are parts of a scaled- cadastral map unknown in human history, cadastral mapping has been known since pre-pottery Neolithic period 7950-7750 BC. (Pre-pottery period Layer V), and dates back to 8671 BC. It has a spatial plan characteristic. Human beings, with no reference to time and place created their smart cadastrate system, using technique and technology of their time. Pre-pottery Neolithic societies used stone and carved their maps on to it.
Spatial dimensions of exhibited plates are presented through several measurements with reference to google earth images of the village and its close surrounding.The evaluation of these plates here, with reference to other historical findings, will enable us to understand the initial step of land registration and cadastral application.
Maps and plans are for a social agreement, consolidation, and order. Not only today, but all throughout history cadastral maps form the grounds for settlement and social information systems. This paper discusses that in the geospatial maturity process of societies, cadastral maps like Akarçay Tepe plates were always demanded to guarantee ownership of land, its registration and to simplify spatial distribution of social parts, cultural links, and traditions where production relations are the determining factor.Today, the major difference is that cadastral map, once a proof of ownership of the agricultural production area of the slow civilizations, has transformed into a tool of registry prior to rent generating land uses.But, in every case, the need for cadastral maps are unchanged. And, cadastral maps will always be on the basis of geospatial maturity of societies which are closely linked to and defined by social systems.