EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT IRRIGATION TREATMENTS ON QUALITY PARAMETERS OF CUT CHRYSANTHEMUM


Turan A., Ucar Y. , KAZAZ S.

SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES B-HORTICULTURE, cilt.59, ss.419-426, 2015 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 59
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Dergi Adı: SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES B-HORTICULTURE
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.419-426

Özet

This study was carried out to determine the effects of different irrigation intervals and water amounts on yield and quality parameters of cut chrysanthemum. Spray cut chrysanthemum (cv. 'Bacardi') plant was used as a plant material. Class A pan was placed in the greenhouse to determine the amount of irrigation water values. Irrigation treatments consisted of three irrigation intervals (I-1: 2-, I-2: 4-, and I-3: 6-day) and four crop-pan coefficients (k(cp1): 1.20=T-1, k(cp2): 0.90=T-2, k(cp3): 0.60=T-3, and k(cp4): 0.30=T-4). The irrigation water amounts applied to the experimental treatments ranged from 249.7 to 517.9 mm, and seasonal evapotranspiration ranged from 340.9 to 560.5 mm. Different irrigation water amounts and irrigation intervals had statistically significant effects on flower stem length, stem diameter, stem weight, the number degrees Blowers, the vase life and root length of chrysanthemum. Stem length varied between 52.36-79.81 cm, stem diameter varied between 4.62-7.69 mm, stem weight varied between 32.48-123.61 g and root length varied between 18.88-24.22 cm. The optimum irrigation scheduling was T1I1, in which the longest flower stem and the highest stem weight were obtained.