Novel Ni/Polypyrrole and Cu/Polypyrrole composites prepared in the presence of different acids: Synthesis and investigation of thermal stability


Sen S., Gok A., Gulce H.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, cilt.106, ss.3852-3860, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 106 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/app.26932
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.3852-3860

Özet

We report the synthesis and characterization of new organic/inorganic hybrid materials constituted of Ni(0) and Cu(0) nanoparticles and polypyrrole (PPy). Copper and nickel nanoclusters were synthesized by a chemical reduction of aqueous metal salt solutions by sodium borohydride. PPy/Ni(0) and PPy/Cu(0) composites were obtained in the presence of two different acids H3BO3, CH3COOH), by polymerizing pyrrole-Ni and pyrrole-Cu particles by using iron (III) chloride. The composites have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and magnetic susceptibility techniques. Conductivity measurements of samples were taken using four-probe devices. The PPy/Ni(0) and PPy/Cu(0) nanocomposites doped with different acids exhibited higher conductivity values than those of homopolymers. Among all samples, Ni/PPy-H3BO3 has the highest conductivity (1.42 S cm(-1)). Homopolymers and composites showed a stable and increasing conductivity with increasing temperature, except Ni(0). We observed that from TGA analysis of polymers, metal composites of PPy synthesized in two different media are more stable than those of PPy-CH3COOH and PPy-H3BO3. The magnetic susceptibility values of homopolymers and Cu are negative, whereas the other samples are positive.