Assessment of Pain, Anxiety, and Cortisol Levels During the Initial Aligning Phase of Fixed Orthodontic Treatment


AKSOY A. , GEÇGELEN CESUR M., Dagdeviren B. H. , Ozkaynak Y. A. , Karacin G., Gultekin F.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, vol.32, no.1, pp.34-40, 2019 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/turkjorthod.2019.18043
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.34-40

Abstract

Objective: We assessed pain and anxiety using psychological testing instruments (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, visual analog scale) and a physiological testing instrument (salivary cortisol hormone level) after the insertion of orthodontic appliances and during the initial alignment phase of orthodontic treatment.