Extraction of boric acid from colemanite mineral by supercritical carbon dioxide


BUDAK A., GÖNEN M.

JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS, vol.92, pp.183-189, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 92
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.supflu.2014.05.016
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS
  • Page Numbers: pp.183-189

Abstract

The use of H2SO4 in boric acid production from colemanite mineral has several problems, related to product impurities, corrosion and environmental discharge limits. To overcome these problems and to increase extraction efficiency of boric acid, heterogeneous reaction between colemanite and CO2 dissolved in H2O was studied at and above supercritical CO2 conditions. Supercritical conditions enhanced the extraction efficiency of boric acid from colemanite mineral, with 96.9% boric acid extraction efficiency being obtained from CO2-colemanite reaction at 60 degrees C, for 2 h of reaction time for particles in the range of +20-40 mu m. A powder crystallized from filtrate of reaction was determined as H3BO3 and the solid formed at the end of reaction was characterized mostly as CaCO3 according to FTIR, XRD, TGA and SEM analyses. The use of supercritical CO2 as a leaching agent in colemanite does not only produce boric acid but also helps to reduce the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. Based on these facts, supercritical CO2 as extractant makes this process green and sustainable for recovering boric acid from boron minerals. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.