The effects of cadmium chloride on secondary metabolite production in Vitis vinifera cv. cell suspension cultures


Cetin E. S. , Babalik Z. , HALLAC-TURK F. , GOKTURK-BAYDAR N.

BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, cilt.47, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

Background: Plant secondary metabolites are possess several biological activities such as anti-mutagenic, anti-carcinogenic, anti-aging, etc. Cell suspension culture is one of the most effective systems to produce secondary metabolites. It is possible to increase the phenolic compounds and tocopherols by using cell suspensions. Studies on tocopherols production by cell suspension cultures are seldom and generally focused on seed oil plants. Although fresh grape, grape seed, pomace and grape seed oil had tocopherols, with our best knowledge, there is no research on tocopherol accumulation in the grape cell suspension cultures. In this study, it was aimed to determine the effects of cadmium chloride treatments on secondary metabolite production in cell suspension cultures of grapevine. Cell suspensions initiated from callus belonging to petiole tissue was used as a plant material. Cadmium chloride was applied to cell suspension cultures in different concentration (1.0 mM and 1.5 mM) to enhance secondary metabolite (total phenolics, total flavanols, total flavonols, trans-resveratrol, and alpha-, beta-, gamma-delta-tocopherols) production. Cells were harvested at two days intervals until the 6th day of cultures. Amounts of total phenolics, total flavanols and total flavonols; trans-resveratrol and tocopherols (alpha-, beta-, gamma- and delta-tocopherols) and dry cell weights were determined in the harvested cells.