A total of 95 samples of Meloidogyne incognita (60), Meloidogyne javanica (28) and Meloidogyne arenaria (7) collected from West Mediterranean region of Turkey were tested for identifying races of the nematodes using the North Carolina Differential Host Test. Races 2 and 6 of M. incognita were identified in 58 and 2 samples, respectively. Race 1 of M. javanica was identified from all 28 samples. Races 2 and 3 of M. arenaria were identified in 5 and 2 samples, respectively. The results also showed that two races of M. incognita and all races of M. javanica did not attack on pepper cv. California Wonder. These findings may contribute to improving resistant varieties and may also provide basis for developing a cropping system to control root-knot nematodes. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.