A Study on the Structure and Morphologic Development of Calcaneal Tendon and Triceps Surae Muscle in Human Fetuses during the Fetal Period and the Evaluation of Clinical Importance of Calcaneal Tendon

Kadir D., Ceren U., Busra S., Esra K., Ali M. M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY, vol.33, no.3, pp.920-929, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.4067/s0717-95022015000300019
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.920-929


It was aimed that the morphometric development of calcaneal tendon and the structures building it up in human fetuses during the fetal period be anatomically studied and that its clinical importance be evaluated. The study comprised a total of 102 fetus legs (51 human fetuses: 26 male and 25 female) whose ages varied between 15-40 gestational week, without external pathology or anomaly. The fetuses were divided in groups according to gestational weeks, trimesters and months. In the wake of the general external measurements of fetuses, leg dissection was performed. Afterwards, the morphometric parameters of gastrocnemius muscle, soleus muscle and calcaneal tendon were measured. The averages and the standard deviations of the measured parameters were determined according to gestational weeks, trimesters and months. There was a significant correlation between the measured parameters and the gestational age (p<0.001). There was no difference between sexes in terms of parameters (p>0.005). All the obtained results were discussed by making a comparison between them and the previous studies made. We are of the opinion that the data obtained in our study will be of use to the involved clinicians in the evaluation of the development of calcaneal tendon and the structures constituting it during the fetal period and in clinical studies and applications as well.